Brand categorisation

See which brands are leading the transition to responsible viscose and which are lagging behind.

Key:

Yes
No

N/A:

Not applicable
Didn't disclose
Didn't engage
Don't know
No specific viscose policy
Frontrunner
Could do better
Trailing behind
Poor effort

Brand

Engaged 2019?

Engaged 2019 detail

% of viscose

% of viscose detail

Viscose policy (if any)

2019 reply disclosure?

Disclosure on website

FR transparency index ranking (%) (2019)

FR transparency detail

Esprit
12.7
of conventional viscose; Lenzing Ecovero: 0.4%; lyocell (inc. Tencel): 1.4%; modal: 0.5%.
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. Esprit has an initial target to source 30% sustainable MMCF by July 2021, including both forest protecti...
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. Esprit has an initial target to source 30% sustainable MMCF by July 2021, including both forest protection and sustainable fibre manufacturing. It has committed to only use MMCF producers with good environmental practices aligned with the Changing Market Roadmap such as closed-loop processing by 2025. Both these targets are published online in its Policy on Raw Materials and Animal Welfare. It communicated that it sourced 36% sustainable viscose in 2018/19, up from 23% in 2017/18.
Yes, disclosed complete supplier list: Birla Group [Birla Cellulose-Vilayat Plant, Birla Jingwei Fibres Co., Ltd., Grasim Industries Limited...
Yes, disclosed complete supplier list: Birla Group [Birla Cellulose-Vilayat Plant, Birla Jingwei Fibres Co., Ltd., Grasim Industries Limited, Hebei Jigao Chemical Fibre Co.Ltd, P.T. South Pacific Viscose, P.T.INDO-BHARAT RAYON, Thai Rayon Public Company Limited, Zhejiang Fulida Textile co,.ltd]; FULIDA GROUP [Hangzhou Import & Export CO LTD], Kelheim Fibres GmbH, Lenzing Group [Lenzing (Nanjing) Fibers Co., Ltd., LENZING AG, PT. South Pacific Viscose (LENZING)]; RGE Group [Sateri (Jiangxi) Chemical Fiber Co]; Tangshan Sanyou Group [Tangshan Sanyou Group Chemical Fiber Co.,ltd, Tangshan Sanyou Group Xingda Chemical Fiber Co.,Ltd., Tangshan Sanyou Yuanda Fibre Co.,Ltd.]
Yes, updates list of tier 1, 2 and 3 suppliers, including viscose suppliers, every six months. Includes information on manufacturer name, fa...
Yes, updates list of tier 1, 2 and 3 suppliers, including viscose suppliers, every six months. Includes information on manufacturer name, facility name, address, number of workers, product type.
62
Tesco
8.9
by weight in 2018 was MMCF, including blended and non-blended
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. Its public MMCF sourcing policy says it is working to ensure producers have developed their own action p...
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. Its public MMCF sourcing policy says it is working to ensure producers have developed their own action plans to meet the Roadmap requirement within the Roadmap's set timeline. As part of this policy, it has included a sustainable MMCF module in its vendor training program and visited some of its key MMCF producer facilities including Lenzing, Birla, Sanyou and Sateri, it said. Tesco communicated that it has started moving some of its conventional viscose supply to LivaEco from Birla and EcoVera from Lenzing. It has also engaged its MMCF producers in the process of developing ZDHC MMCF guidelines. Its guidance for chemical compliance also covers MMCF producers.
95.5% of production comes from Birla, Lenzing, Sateri and Sanyoy. Grace Group is a further supplier. Aoyang was a recent supplier but has ex...
95.5% of production comes from Birla, Lenzing, Sateri and Sanyoy. Grace Group is a further supplier. Aoyang was a recent supplier but has exited for summer spring 2019 range. Full list is Birla: Birla Jingwei Fibres Co. [Fancheng District, China], Grasim Cellulosic Division [Gujarat, India], Grasim Industries Limited (SFD) [Nagda, India], PT Indo Bharat Rayon [Purwakarta, Indonesia]. Lenzing: Lenzing (Nanjing) Fibres Co. [Nanjing, China], Lenzing AG [Austria], South Pacific Viscose [Purwakarta, Indonesia]. Sateri: Sateri (Jiangxi) Chemical Fibre Co [Gutang town, Jiangxi Province, China]. Sanyou: Tangshan Sanyou group Co. [Nanpu development zone, China]. Grace Group: Grace Group Co [YIBIN City Sichuan, China].
Tesco recently disclosed its viscose suppliers on the factory list on its website. This details facility names and addresses of more than 95...
Tesco recently disclosed its viscose suppliers on the factory list on its website. This details facility names and addresses of more than 95% of its MMCF producers.
39
(F&F)
Marks and Spencer
14
of products, either as a sole constituent or as part of a blend, equivalent to 9.1% of its total fibre footprint by weight (2018).
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. Marks and Spencer said it requires MMCF suppliers to commit to transition to a closed loop manufacturing...
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. Marks and Spencer said it requires MMCF suppliers to commit to transition to a closed loop manufacturing system by 2023-2025, as set out in its public MMCF responsible sourcing policy. It has recognised six MMCFs as industry leaders under its Plan A initiative: Lenzing TENCEL, Lenzing REFIBRA, Lenzing ECOVERO, Aditya Birla Excel, Aditya Birla LivaEco and Eastman Naia. It outlined plans to audit the environmental performance of all three Aditya Birla sites in India and Tangshan Sanyou in China.
Yes, disclosed list of suppliers. M&S communicated that the three Aditya Birla sites in India and Tangshan Sanyou are its largest suppliers....
Yes, disclosed list of suppliers. M&S communicated that the three Aditya Birla sites in India and Tangshan Sanyou are its largest suppliers. Full list: Lenzing AG [Purwakarta PT. South Pacific Viscose (SPT); Lenzing Nanjing (JV with NCFC); Lenzing Austria; Heiligenkreuz; Grimsby], Aditya Birla [Nagda; Madhya Pradesh; Harihar, Karnataka; Kharach, Gujarat; Vilayat, Gujurat; Birla Jingwei; Indo Bharat; Thai Rayon], Tangshan Sanyou Xingda Chemical Fibre Co [Tangshan Sanyou Yuanda Fibre Co Ltd; Tangshan Sanyou Xingda Chemical Fibre Co Ltd], Fulida Group, Hangzhou China [Zheijiang Fulida, Zhongtai Chemical Ltd], Shandong Yamei Technology Co Ltd [Shandong Yamei] Nanjing Chemical Fibre Co (NCFC) [Nanjing NCFC], Xinjiang Bailu Chemical Fibre Co Ltd [Xinjiang Bailu], Shandong Helon (CHT Helon Co Ltd) [Shandong Helon], Sateri [Sateri Jiangxi; Sateri Fujian; Sateri Jiujiang],ENKA [ENKA, Industrie center Obernburg].
Recently disclosed its viscose suppliers on the interactive supply chain map on its website. This includes factory name, address, product ty...
Recently disclosed its viscose suppliers on the interactive supply chain map on its website. This includes factory name, address, product type and the supplier’s total annual turnover where possible.
56
ASOS
1
of total fibre consumption. Together with modal, rayon and lyocell this reaches 14%, according to ASOS's website.
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. ASOS's website says it will work with viscose and modal fibre producers in its supply chain to minimise ...
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. ASOS's website says it will work with viscose and modal fibre producers in its supply chain to minimise impacts and will regularly monitor and support the fibre producers as they work towards a closed-loop system in line with the EU BAT standards. ASOS communicated that it asks its fibre producers to complete the Higg FEM 3.0.
Disclosed list of suppliers and factories. Lenzing [Lenzing Aktengesellschaft, Lenzing UK, Lenzing USA, Lenzing Nanjing, Lenzing PT. South P...
Disclosed list of suppliers and factories. Lenzing [Lenzing Aktengesellschaft, Lenzing UK, Lenzing USA, Lenzing Nanjing, Lenzing PT. South Pacific]; Aditya Birla [Grasim Industries, Birla Jingwei Fibre, Birla Grasilene, Birla Cellulosic Division (Kharah, Gujarat), Birla PT. Indo Bharat Rayon (Indonesia), Thai Rayon Company (Thailand), Grasim Cellulosic Division (Vilaya, Gujarat)]; Sateri [Sateri (Jiangxi) Chemical Fiber Co Ltd, Sateri (Fujian) Fibre Co Ltd, Sateri (Jiujiang) Chemical Fiber Co Ltd]; Kelheim Fibres [Kelheim Fibres (Germany)]; Asahi Kasei Corporation [Asahi Kasei Corporation (Japan)]; ENKA [ENKA (Germany)]; Xinxiang Bailu Chemical Fibre [Xinxiang Bailu Chemical Fibre (China)]; AustroCel Hallein (Dissolving Pulp); Tangshan Sanyou [Tangshan Yuanda Chemical Fiber Co Ltd, Tangshan Sanyou Xingda Chemical Fiber Co Ltd]; Jilin Chemical Fibre (China); Yibin Grace (China); Fulida [Zhejiang Fulida, Xinjiang Fulida Fiber Ltd/Xinjiang Zhongtai Chemical Co Ltd]; Shandong Bohi Industry [Shandong Yamei (China)]; CHTC Network Group [Shandong CHTC Helon Co Ltd / Hengtian Helon (Swan Fiber)]; Xiangsheng Group [Jiangsu Xiangsheng Viscose Fiber Co.,Ltd]; Aoyang Technology [Funing Aoyang (China), Manas Aoyang Technology Co Ltd, Manas XinAo Special Fiber]; Shandong Yinying (Silver Hawk); Hubei Golden Ring Co.,Ltd (China); Jiangsu Sanfangxiang Group (China); Linqing Xurinianjiao Xienwei Jiagongchang.
Publishes viscose fibre suppliers, down to facility names, on its website, noting the majority of its fibres come from Aditya Birla Group an...
Publishes viscose fibre suppliers, down to facility names, on its website, noting the majority of its fibres come from Aditya Birla Group and Lenzing.
59
C&A
7.4
by product volume was viscose, modal or lyocell (2018). Of this, 40% are solely viscose and 60% are blended. This is also disclosed on website.
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. It communicated that upcoming ZDHC MMCF guidelines will be integrated into its Sustainable Chemicals Man...
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. It communicated that upcoming ZDHC MMCF guidelines will be integrated into its Sustainable Chemicals Management (SCM) policy, which its viscose suppliers will be required to report progress on. Communicated it is implementing the Higg FEM with all its viscose suppliers. Includes viscose production impacts in its targets for the Science Based Target initiative.
Aditya Birla Group and Lenzing for fibre; Enka for filaments. Full list is Birla: Grasim Industries Limited (Nagda, Karnataka, Kharach, Guja...
Aditya Birla Group and Lenzing for fibre; Enka for filaments. Full list is Birla: Grasim Industries Limited (Nagda, Karnataka, Kharach, Gujarat and Vilayat in India), Birla Jingwei Fibres Co. Limited (Xiangyang City in China), Thai Rayon Public Company Limited (Angthong Province in Thailand), PT Indo Bharat Rayon (Purwakarta in Indonesia). Lenzing: Lenzing Fibers (Austria and Heiligenkreuz in Austria; Lenzing Nanjing fibers in Jiangsu, China; Lenzing Fibers Inc. in Axis, US; Lenzing Fibers in Grimsby, UK; P.T South Pasific Viscose Desa Cicadas in Purwakarta, Indonesia), Lenzing Biocel Paskov a.s in Místecká, Czech Republic. ENKA: ENKA GmbH & Co. KG in Obernburg, Germany).
Says on website that it sources viscose from only three suppliers - Birla and Lenzing for staple fibre and Enka for filament - however facto...
Says on website that it sources viscose from only three suppliers - Birla and Lenzing for staple fibre and Enka for filament - however factory names are not specified.
60
H&M
7.5
of total consumption (2018).
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. H&M's public animal welfare & material ethics policy sets out its targets for MMCF manufacturing. It aim...
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. H&M's public animal welfare & material ethics policy sets out its targets for MMCF manufacturing. It aims to reach full traceability on all MMCF by the end of 2019. By the end of 2025 it will only use viscose and other MMC producers found to have good environmental practices aligned with the Changing Markets Roadmap such as ‘closed-loop’ processing of water and chemicals. H&M is also part of the group working with ZDHC to set the guideline for MMCF wastewater.Changing Markets Roadmap signatory.
H&M disclosed list its suppliers including some addresses: Lenzing [Austria AG, CN (Nanjing), Indonesia (SPV)], Birla [India Nagda and Khara...
H&M disclosed list its suppliers including some addresses: Lenzing [Austria AG, CN (Nanjing), Indonesia (SPV)], Birla [India Nagda and Kharach], Tangshan Sanyou [Nanpu Development Zone, Tangshan, China], Sateri [Fujian, Jiujiang and Jiangxi, China], Xinxiang Bailu [Xinxiang Chemical Fiber Co.,Ltd, Xinxiang, China], Jilin Chemical [Goacheng, China], ENKA GmbH & Co. [Obernburg, Germany], Aoyang Technology [Zhangjiagang Economic & technological Development Zone China], Shandong Helon [Hangting District, Weifang, Shandong Province, China], Grasim [Grasim Industries Limited. (Birla Cellulose) Nagda, Madhya Praddesh, India], Yibin Grace [China].
Discloses four of its suppliers on its website, although factory names not specified. The website notes that the majority of its viscose com...
Discloses four of its suppliers on its website, although factory names not specified. The website notes that the majority of its viscose comes from Birla and Lenzing, with Enka and Tangshan Sanyou further suppliers.
61
Morrisons
1
of fibre used
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory (new in 2019). Morrisons recently updated its website to include a viscose fibre manufacturing policy, pu...
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory (new in 2019). Morrisons recently updated its website to include a viscose fibre manufacturing policy, publicly confirming its support for the Roadmap. This policy says it is engaging with supply chain partners to ensure it only sources MMCF from producers working to meet the requirements and timeline set out in the Roadmap.
Morrisons communicated that it has been working to map its viscose supply chain. This includes viscose and viscose blend fabrics bought from...
Morrisons communicated that it has been working to map its viscose supply chain. This includes viscose and viscose blend fabrics bought from mills in Bangladesh, India, China, and Vietnam. It said all the viscose it has been able to trace originated with either the Aditya Birla or Lenzing groups, although it did not disclose the factories. It also has a range of branded Lenzing Tencel womenswear.
Discloses on website that 90% of its MMCF fibres come from Lenzing and Aditya Birla, but does not specify factory names.
N/A
New Look
11
of fibre mix (2018)
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory (new in 2019). New Look has recently updated its public wood based policy to include the impacts from vis...
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory (new in 2019). New Look has recently updated its public wood based policy to include the impacts from viscose fibre manufacturing, with this policy based on the Changing Markets Roadmap. This will be sent to its suppliers, it said. New Look expects suppliers to implement “closed loop” systems in line with EU BAT by 2023 and aims to only source 100% traceable and sustainable viscose by 2023. It will request suppliers to complete the Higg FEM annually for all factories, with results verified by an independent third party. It has also launched the New Look "Kind" collection, an internal incentive to promote sustainable materials including viscose. It expects to have 30% of its products under this label by spring summer 2020.
New Look said the majority of its viscose is sourced from Lenzing Group and Aditya Birla.
Discloses that the majority of its viscose is sourced from Lenzing Group and Aditya Birla, although factory names not given.
30
Next
11
of textile fibres is MMCF (2018).
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. Next communicated that it has an (internal) MMCF sourcing policy aligned to the commitments of the Roadm...
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. Next communicated that it has an (internal) MMCF sourcing policy aligned to the commitments of the Roadmap which includes chemical management, water use and pollution. This will be made public in 2020 as part of its corporate responsibility report launch. Its 2025 responsible sourcing strategy will ensure MMCF are responsibly sourced, it said. States commitment to Roadmap on website.
Over half of fibres come from: Lenzing (Austria, China, Indonesia); Aditya Birla Group (Thai Rayon Company, PT Indo Bharat Rayon, Grasim Ind...
Over half of fibres come from: Lenzing (Austria, China, Indonesia); Aditya Birla Group (Thai Rayon Company, PT Indo Bharat Rayon, Grasim Industries, Birla Cellulosic, Graseline Division (India/Indonesia/Thailand); Tangshan Sanyou (China). The remainder comes from: Jilin; Sateri Group (Jiujiang, Fujian); Xianxiang; Fulida; Jiangsu Xiangsheng; Yibin; Aoyang; Nanjing (all China).
Next's latest corporate responsibility report (2019) states that over half its fibres come from Lenzing, the Aditya Birla Group and the Tang...
Next's latest corporate responsibility report (2019) states that over half its fibres come from Lenzing, the Aditya Birla Group and the Tangshan Sanyou Group, but does not disclose factory names.
33
Inditex
9.5
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. Inditex communicated that all its viscose will be aligned with the requirements in the Changing Market R...
Changing Markets Roadmap signatory. Inditex communicated that all its viscose will be aligned with the requirements in the Changing Market Roadmap by 2023. It plans for 25% of its entire production in 2020 to meet its "Join Life" production commitment, which among other applies the standards from the Changing Maps Roadmap. It has also recently approved new measures for certification and audits of fibre supply chains. It has committed to physically tracing all its fibres to the final product.
Disclosed: Most production comes from these fibre producers: Lenzing, Birla, Sanyou and ENKA. From 2020 onwards, all viscose products will c...
Disclosed: Most production comes from these fibre producers: Lenzing, Birla, Sanyou and ENKA. From 2020 onwards, all viscose products will come from these manufacturers.
Inditex discloses its direct and indirect wet processing supplier list on Water Action Plan website, but this does not include viscose manuf...
Inditex discloses its direct and indirect wet processing supplier list on Water Action Plan website, but this does not include viscose manufacturing.
40
(Zara)
Bonprix
12
of all fibre by weight
Bonprix has a goal to increase its overall proportion of sustainable fibers to 70% by 2025 and communicated that more sustainable viscose is...
Bonprix has a goal to increase its overall proportion of sustainable fibers to 70% by 2025 and communicated that more sustainable viscose is one lever to achieve this goal. Bonprix's website counts Tencel lyocell, Lenzing EcoVero, Lenzing Viscose and Birla Viscose as sustainable fibre. Bonprix said it is developing a plan to increase its use of sustainable viscose and alternatives, gain more transparency in the viscose production supply chain and ensure the production of viscose for its products is safe and environmentally friendly.
Bonprix publishes a list of key suppliers on its website but this does not include viscose fibre supplers. Its website notes it uses Tencel ...
Bonprix publishes a list of key suppliers on its website but this does not include viscose fibre supplers. Its website notes it uses Tencel lyocell and EcoVero, however these do not appear to be its only suppliers.
38
Gucci
(both Gucci and parent group Kering engaged)
~5
of ready-to-wear materials and <1% of overall material purchase (communicated that this applies to both Gucci and Kering).
Gucci has a viscose fibre policy via parent group Kering's standards for raw materials and manufacturing processes. Gucci says its sustainab...
Gucci has a viscose fibre policy via parent group Kering's standards for raw materials and manufacturing processes. Gucci says its sustainability targets, strategy and standards fully align with Kering's: see Kering for more.
Gucci communicated that the majority of parent group Kering's suppliers source from Enka and Lenzing, with small quantities from Asahi, Kase...
Gucci communicated that the majority of parent group Kering's suppliers source from Enka and Lenzing, with small quantities from Asahi, Kasei and Eastman Mitsubishi. Kering claimed all its cellulosic fibre suppliers use a closed loop chemical management process.
No suppliers of any kind published on Gucct website. See also parent group Kering.
40
Ikea
0.5
of total fibre used, while around 4.7% is FSC certified lyocell fibre.
IKEA communicated that it deliberately minimises its viscose use due to the challenges in the manufacturing process. It has instead favoured...
IKEA communicated that it deliberately minimises its viscose use due to the challenges in the manufacturing process. It has instead favoured lyocell fibre for the past decade, it said, and its lyocell is now based on FSC certified pulp. Ikea said it has invested in new technology for cleaner viscose, such as cleaner MMC fibre production through the joint venture TreeToTextiles AB. It is working with its textile suppliers to implement zero liquid discharge (ZLD) facilities, although it is not clear if this includes viscose suppliers.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
N/A
Kering
~5
of ready-to-wear materials and <1% of overall material purchase
Viscose pulp sourcing and fibre manufacture are both included in Kering's 2025 target for 100% of suppliers to meet its environmental and ch...
Viscose pulp sourcing and fibre manufacture are both included in Kering's 2025 target for 100% of suppliers to meet its environmental and chemical standards. Kering's public standards for raw materials and manufacturing processes says its suppliers are expected to propose cellulosic fibers made from a closed-loop chemical management system. Its standard for textile processing, which applies to chemicals used in wood fibre production, says hazardous chemicals in production and in wastewater should be minimised in production. Kering also measures the impacts of cellulosic fibre in using its Environmental Profit & Loss (EP&L) system and reports these on a country level basis.
Majority of Kering's suppliers source from Enka and Lenzing with small quantities from Asahi, Kasei and Eastman Mitsubishi. Kering claimed a...
Majority of Kering's suppliers source from Enka and Lenzing with small quantities from Asahi, Kasei and Eastman Mitsubishi. Kering claimed all its cellulosic fibre suppliers use a closed loop chemical management process.
No suppliers of any kind published on Kering's website. It does publish country-wide data on the environmental impacts of its supply chain, ...
No suppliers of any kind published on Kering's website. It does publish country-wide data on the environmental impacts of its supply chain, including for cellulose fibre pulp production.
N/A
Gucci (40), Saint Laurent (38), Bottega Veneta (39)
Lidl
~1
of textile products use (2018)
Lidl's website says all viscose in its own-brand textiles will be Lenzing Ecovero and EU Ecolabel certified by 2020. It communicated that it...
Lidl's website says all viscose in its own-brand textiles will be Lenzing Ecovero and EU Ecolabel certified by 2020. It communicated that it reached 76% use of EcoVero viscose in 2018 and is working with Lenzing to overcome technical challenges to its use in all relevant products. Lidl said it aims to close the gap to 100% at the earliest time possible.
Reported 76% use of EcoVero viscose in 2018, of which ~90% comes from Lenzing nanjing Fibers in Jiangsu, China, and ~10% from Lenzing Austri...
Reported 76% use of EcoVero viscose in 2018, of which ~90% comes from Lenzing nanjing Fibers in Jiangsu, China, and ~10% from Lenzing Austria in Heiligenkreuz. Doesn't disclose where the remainder comes from.
Lidl lists tier 1 suppliers on its website but this does not include viscose fibre suppliers.
19
(Lidl GB)
Monsoon Accessorize
No viscose-specific policy on website. Monsoon communicated it began to source Lenzing Ecovero viscose in 2018 and will have over 500 option...
No viscose-specific policy on website. Monsoon communicated it began to source Lenzing Ecovero viscose in 2018 and will have over 500 options made using a sustainable viscose option in its spring/summer collection, representing over 60% of its range. Viscose is not mentioned in its supplier code of conduct.
Monsoon communicated that Lenzing Ecovero will represent over 60% of its upcoming spring/summer collection.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
17
(Monsoon)
Stella McCartney
5
of material consumption excluding packaging (2018)
Stella McCartney communicated it has limited its viscose supplier base to ENKA and Lenzing. ENKA makes up the vast majority of supply and St...
Stella McCartney communicated it has limited its viscose supplier base to ENKA and Lenzing. ENKA makes up the vast majority of supply and Stella McCartney said it has been working closely with it to ensure it will be compliant with the Changing Markets Roadmap. Stella McCartney said it completed a major life cycle analysis of ten sources of viscose which helped inform its sourcing decisions. It is supporting the development of the next generation of sustainable, recycled, cellulose fibres made from recycled materials such as used cotton garments and agricultural residues.
ENKA viscose (Germany) and Lenzing (Austria).
Stella McCartney communicated that it discloses its suppliers on its website, however, it only lists ENKA.
N/A
Tchibo
~7
of textile assortments are MMCF
Tchibo's response recognises the importance of cleaner viscose fibre manufacturing in its 2018 sustainability report. It communicated that M...
Tchibo's response recognises the importance of cleaner viscose fibre manufacturing in its 2018 sustainability report. It communicated that MMCFs are part of its "holistic policy" to progressively design processes, products and value chains to be environmentally and socially compatible. Approximately 78% of the cellulosic fibres used by Tchibo for apparel and home textiles in 2018 were obtained from more sustainable sources it said, which it defines as coming from the Lenzing group or LivaEco from Birla.
Tchibo communicated that 78% of its MMCFs Assortment comes form Lenzing and Birla. It said it uses Ecovero, viscose, Tencel and Modal from L...
Tchibo communicated that 78% of its MMCFs Assortment comes form Lenzing and Birla. It said it uses Ecovero, viscose, Tencel and Modal from Lenzing, which produces in Austria, Czech Republic, Indonesia and China.
Discloses tier 1-3 factory list and addresses, including Lenzing Austria. 2018 sustainability report notes that it uses viscose, tencel and ...
Discloses tier 1-3 factory list and addresses, including Lenzing Austria. 2018 sustainability report notes that it uses viscose, tencel and modal from Lenzing.
49
Valentino
2
of textiles are 100% viscose; 18% are viscose blends (on average).
Valentino has a viscose policy on its website which recommends suppliers buy viscose from producers that move towards closed-loop viscose ma...
Valentino has a viscose policy on its website which recommends suppliers buy viscose from producers that move towards closed-loop viscose manufacturing by 2023-25 and directs them to the Changing Markets Roadmap for more details. However, it does not itself have any commitments on viscose, which is not in line with the spirit of the Changing Markets Roadmap.
On average, 70% is from Enka (Germany) and Lenzing (Austria). Remainder "under further analysis".
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on Valentino website.
10
Victoria's Secret
~1
of fabric bought for use in apparel products
Parent group L Brands includes viscose in its forest sourcing policy but this does not address impacts from viscose fibre production. Howeve...
Parent group L Brands includes viscose in its forest sourcing policy but this does not address impacts from viscose fibre production. However, it communicated that it has instructed its contracted manufacturers to use viscose from only Lenzing AG and Aditya Birla Group.
Lenzing AG, including Tencel Modal, provides the majority of its viscose. Aditya Birla Group is a second new supplier.
L Brands discloses its tier 1 factories in a list updated every six months but this does not include viscose fibre producers.
23
Yves Saint Laurent
(only parent group Kering engaged)
~5
of ready-to-wear materials and <1% of overall material purchase (from parent group Kering)
No direct reply from Yves Saint Laurent's and no environment policies on website. See also parent group Kering, which did reply.
See parent group Kering.
No suppliers of any kind published on Yves Saint Laurent website. See also parent group Kering.
38
Abercrombie & Fitch
Has a viscose sourcing policy but this does not cover impacts from fibre production. Uses SAC's Higg Index to partner with laundries and mil...
Has a viscose sourcing policy but this does not cover impacts from fibre production. Uses SAC's Higg Index to partner with laundries and mills to measure and improve environmental performance but this does not cover viscose fibre production.
Previously disclosed its viscose fibre suppliers on its website, however this information no longer appears with only its tier 1 factory lis...
Previously disclosed its viscose fibre suppliers on its website, however this information no longer appears with only its tier 1 factory list available online. In 2018, its website said Lenzing 45%, Adita Birla 29%, Tanghishan Sanyou Xingda chemical fibre co 1%, Fulida groups 1% and remaining 24% "awaiting assessment".
20
Adidas
No viscose-specific policy. Website names Tencel as one of its most commonly-used sustainable materials.
Publishes a global factory list of tier 1 and 2 suppliers, but this does not include viscose fibre suppliers.
64
Aldi South
3
of fibre mix was MMCF (2018). This is expected to reach 3.8% in 2019.
Communicated that its focus in MMCF lies in joint activities with other stakeholders. It said it supports the Changing Markets Roadmap goals...
Communicated that its focus in MMCF lies in joint activities with other stakeholders. It said it supports the Changing Markets Roadmap goals but is not yet ready to commit to the Roadmap. It plans to identify next steps for its viscose supply chain and address them through the Partnership for Sustainable Textiles (PST). It also said it "strongly support[s]" PST's call to action for more sustainable MMCF production delivered to the world’s largest viscose producers.
Publishes tier 1 suppliers on website, but this does not include viscose fibre suppliers.
21
American Eagle
~1
of total fibre volume
Communicated that it has set a goal to increase sourcing of viscose made using more sustainable methods, such as closed-loop manufacturing. ...
Communicated that it has set a goal to increase sourcing of viscose made using more sustainable methods, such as closed-loop manufacturing. However, no further details were given and this policy is not mentioned on the AEO website, which outlines only a general responsible sourcing strategy.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
14
Arcadia
Communicated orally in 2018 that it was likely ~17%.
Arcadia replied on behalf of its brands which include Dorothy Perkins, Burton, Miss Selfridge, Topshop and Topman. Arcadia has no public vis...
Arcadia replied on behalf of its brands which include Dorothy Perkins, Burton, Miss Selfridge, Topshop and Topman. Arcadia has no public viscose sourcing policy but communicated that it is currently developing one to include in its upcoming fibre sourcing policy. It said that thus far it has requested its top viscose suppliers to disclose their fabric mills and asked its fabric mills for information on production processes, chemical and energy use, pulp producers, certification, transparency and EU BAT monitoring. Arcadia provides advice to its product teams on materials including viscose in its Sustainable Fibre Toolkit, according to its website.
Disclosed some fabric mill information, but this does not include viscose fibre suppliers.
Despite communicating that it discloses viscose fibre producers, its public discloses tier 1-3 suppliers but this does not include viscose f...
Despite communicating that it discloses viscose fibre producers, its public discloses tier 1-3 suppliers but this does not include viscose fibre suppliers.
28
(Topshop)
Banana Republic
(only parent group Gap Inc. engaged)
See also Gap Inc.
Banana Republic includes MMCF in its public goal for at least 50% of branded products to source sustainable fibres by 2023. However, this go...
Banana Republic includes MMCF in its public goal for at least 50% of branded products to source sustainable fibres by 2023. However, this goal refers only to Canopy and does not mention viscose manufacturing. See also parent group Gap Inc.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on Banana Republic website. See also Gap Inc.
54
Benetton Group
3.8
of all fibres used by quantity (2018)
Benetton communicated that it "carefully selects the raw materials suppliers, preferring those with a reduced environmental impact". With s...
Benetton communicated that it "carefully selects the raw materials suppliers, preferring those with a reduced environmental impact". With specific regards viscose, it said it is "committed to further improve the monitoring of its viscose supply chain in 2020". However, Benetton does not have any policies relating to viscose on its website.
Benetton lists tier 1-3 suppliers on its website, including fabric and yarn suppliers, but this does not include viscose fibre suppliers.
44
Burberry
<1
of main materials accounted for by viscose. The majority of this is continuous filament fibres, less than half is staple fibre.
Burberry does not mention any viscose-specific policy on its website. It communicated that it recognises the challenges with viscose product...
Burberry does not mention any viscose-specific policy on its website. It communicated that it recognises the challenges with viscose production, has mapped its viscose supply chain and has engaged with suppliers and viscose producers to promote more responsible sourcing and production. It has supported the ZDHC MMCF task team to develop specific guidelines for the industry, and supported a roll-out of a questionnaire to evaluate its viscose producers practices, it said.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
33
Calvin Klein
(only parent group PVH Corp engaged)
See PVH Corp.
See PVH. No response from Calvin Klein.
See PVH Corp.
41
Carolina Herrera
~1
No viscose-specific policy. Viscose and MMCF are not mentioned in parent group Puig's 2018 sustainability report, although this says the use...
No viscose-specific policy. Viscose and MMCF are not mentioned in parent group Puig's 2018 sustainability report, although this says the use of sustainable ingredients and raw materials at all stages of the supply chain is a "top priority". Carolina Herrera communicated that it is continuing to work towards more sustainable practices in the near seasons but did not outline whether it is doing this with viscose.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on Puig or Carolina Herrera websites.
10
Chanel
Chanel communicated that viscose is a "priority" material and it plans to test a "new, even more responsible, source of supply". However it ...
Chanel communicated that viscose is a "priority" material and it plans to test a "new, even more responsible, source of supply". However it goes into imply this will only be looking at forest resources, not chemical management in manufacturing. Chanel published its first "report to society" in 2018, which detailed some corporate responsibility initiatives in supply chain for the first time but this made no mention of viscose.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
10
Decathlon
<1
of textile products in 2018 was lyocel. No clear answer on viscose as a whole; Decathlon's website currently has several products made of viscose.
Decathlon communicated that it has decided to use only lyocell such as Tencel from Lenzing. However it did not say whether it is already app...
Decathlon communicated that it has decided to use only lyocell such as Tencel from Lenzing. However it did not say whether it is already applying this policy or when it will apply from. This information also does not appear to be on its website.
Decathlon communicated that it only has two suppliers of lyocel: the majority from Lenzing in Austria and occasional sourcing from Birla in ...
Decathlon communicated that it only has two suppliers of lyocel: the majority from Lenzing in Austria and occasional sourcing from Birla in India. It is not clear if Decathlon continues to source viscose from elsewhere.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
19
Desigual
15
of viscose in its two 2018 collections.
Desigual said viscose use is a "key issue" and it is currently evaluating its environment impact in the supply chain. It aims to progressive...
Desigual said viscose use is a "key issue" and it is currently evaluating its environment impact in the supply chain. It aims to progressively increase the use of sustainable viscose. Its latest non-financial report said it will increase the use of sustainable artificial fibres like Tencel and lyocell in 2019.
A total of 51 companies disclosed including addresses and in some cases contact details, stating they are all viscose companies. However, it...
A total of 51 companies disclosed including addresses and in some cases contact details, stating they are all viscose companies. However, it did not specify which of these are viscose fibre producers. The list included Birla Cellulose.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
7
Dorothy Perkins / Burton
(parent group Arcadia responded on behalf of its brands)
Arcadia communicated on behalf of its brands. It communicated orally in 2018 that it was likely ~17%.
See parent group Arcadia.
See parent group Arcadia.
See parent group Arcadia.
N/A
Gap Inc.
Gap Inc has a wood-based fibre sourcing policy available on its website that covers viscose, but this does not cover impacts from fibre prod...
Gap Inc has a wood-based fibre sourcing policy available on its website that covers viscose, but this does not cover impacts from fibre production. Its Mill Sustainability Program also does not appear to stretch to viscose manufacturing. It communicated it has an [internal] "preferred fibers and materials toolkit" to help product designers select fibers based on sustainability factors.
Referred to its Sustainability Accountability Standards Board (SASB) disclosure table which shows it uses Lenzing Modal and Tencel rayon. Bu...
Referred to its Sustainability Accountability Standards Board (SASB) disclosure table which shows it uses Lenzing Modal and Tencel rayon. But did not disclose factories or what proportion of viscose these represent.
Gap Inc publishes a tier 1 and 2 factory list but this does not include viscose suppliers. Its website says that in 2018 it gathered data on...
Gap Inc publishes a tier 1 and 2 factory list but this does not include viscose suppliers. Its website says that in 2018 it gathered data on over 80% of its MMCF supply chain of cellulosic fiber through an internal survey and conversations with suppliers.
54
George at ASDA
8
of product is viscose or blended (2018)
Communicated that it has a written internal viscose sourcing policy, which states why it needs to source responsibly, its commitments and e...
Communicated that it has a written internal viscose sourcing policy, which states why it needs to source responsibly, its commitments and expectations from suppliers. Asda also has a public goal to source only certified sustainable viscose by 2025, but this does not seem to cover viscose manufacturing. Asda said it recognises the need to address the manufacturing element of viscose production and is taking steps to monitor it through its membership of SAC. It asks suppliers to use the Higg Index to track, monitor and decrease the environmental impacts of supplier production.
Referred to website which discloses tier 1 suppliers. Asda communicated that it expects suppliers to use cellulose fibres from certified and...
Referred to website which discloses tier 1 suppliers. Asda communicated that it expects suppliers to use cellulose fibres from certified and controlled sources such as Lenzing, Aditya Birla, FSC and PEFC.
Publishes tier 1 suppliers on website, but this does not include viscose fibre suppliers.
38
Hermès
% not specified but communicated that it is currently 4.6 tons per year
Hermès communicated that it has a clear set of expectations regarding social and environmental standards for all suppliers, including on vis...
Hermès communicated that it has a clear set of expectations regarding social and environmental standards for all suppliers, including on viscose, and pointed to its annual report. However, the annual report does not mention viscose or MMCF nor does Hermès' website mention any viscose specific policy. Hermès communicated that it has set a "black list" of [viscose] suppliers since 2017, taken from the Changing Markets dirty fashion study, with suppliers completely forbidden for any purchase. However, Changing Markets has never published a black list or ranked viscose producers.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
31
Hudson's Bay
No viscose-specific policy. Hudson's Bay communicated that it is looking into its viscose supply chain but does not yet have details to disc...
No viscose-specific policy. Hudson's Bay communicated that it is looking into its viscose supply chain but does not yet have details to disclose.
Publishes a list of the factories producing private branded merchandise on its website, but this does not include viscose suppliers.
21
Hugo Boss
<1
of total material used
No viscose-specific policy. Hugo Boss communicated that its approach towards viscose will be covered in an upcoming materials policy. It sai...
No viscose-specific policy. Hugo Boss communicated that its approach towards viscose will be covered in an upcoming materials policy. It said it considers alternative materials to conventional viscose when possible.
Publishes tier 1 suppliers on its website but this does not include viscose fibre suppliers.
41
JanSport
(parent group VF Corporation replied on behalf of its brands)
<0.5
of total raw material sourcing is viscose over all VF Corporation brands
See parent group VF Corporation.
See parent group VF Corporation.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on JanSport website. See also parent group VF Corporation.
N/A
John Lewis
Viscose is not included in John Lewis's 2020 corporate responsibility targets. However, it communicated that it is currently reviewing these...
Viscose is not included in John Lewis's 2020 corporate responsibility targets. However, it communicated that it is currently reviewing these. Viscose and other key regenerated cellulosics such as lyocell will be included in the update with both a new target and policy for viscose, it said. John Lewis also said it is "working towards an ambition" to use only Lenzing Ecovera fibres, although in the shorter term will accept others.
John Lewis communicated that Birla is a supplier, but provided no further details.
Publishes a list of tier 1 factories on its website, but this does not include viscose suppliers.
28
Levi Strauss & Co
<1
of total fabric sourcing by weight is MMCF including viscose, lyocell and "innovative alternative fibres" (2019)
Has a wood-based fibre sourcing policy that covers viscose, but this does not cover impacts from fibre production. LS&Co communicated that i...
Has a wood-based fibre sourcing policy that covers viscose, but this does not cover impacts from fibre production. LS&Co communicated that it is uses alternative MMCFs that include a percentage of recycled feedstock when possible.
Publishes tier 1 & 2 manufacturing suppliers and factory locations, but this does not include viscose fibre suppliers.
51
Louis Vuitton
Parent group LVMH's 2018 environmental report mentions viscose as one of the materials it collects raw material data on.
Louis Vuitton communicated that it has built a "specific responsible sourcing policy" for viscose which covers responsible pulp sourcing, ef...
Louis Vuitton communicated that it has built a "specific responsible sourcing policy" for viscose which covers responsible pulp sourcing, efficient water resource management and chemical management. This policy does not appear on its website, which only notes it is in the process of implementing a responsible sourcing program for all raw materials. Louis Vuitton has pledged that 100% of the ribbon on its packaging will be made of Tencel by 2020. Parent group LVMH's "Life" initiative says it will apply the "highest standards" across 100% of procurement chains by 2025 but makes no specific mention of viscose.
Neither Louis Vuitton nor LVMH list any suppliers on their websites.
22
Lululemon Athletica
Has a forest-based fabrics policy on its website but this doesn't address impacts from fibre production. Its website says it plans to encour...
Has a forest-based fabrics policy on its website but this doesn't address impacts from fibre production. Its website says it plans to encourage the development of alternate fibre sources that reduce environmental and social impacts, but does not specifically refer to viscose.
Publishes tier 1 and some raw materials suppliers but this does not include viscose manufacturing.
41
Mango
In 2017, Mango communicated that around 20% of its garments contained viscose or viscose blended with other fibres
Communicated that it is currently developing a cellulose sourcing strategy, but gave no further information and does not mention this on its...
Communicated that it is currently developing a cellulose sourcing strategy, but gave no further information and does not mention this on its website. It does have a dedicated "sustainable fashion" line called "Committed" where it uses Tencel and modal, according to its 2017 sustainability report. Greencel from Lenzing Refibra and the new Tencelä lyocell is used in the most recent iteration, according to a 2019 press release from its website. However, Mango does not specify any viscose policy for the remainder of its clothes.
No suppliers of any kind published on website.
18
Miss Selfridge
(parent group Arcadia replied on behalf of its brands)
Arcadia communicated on behalf of its brands. It communicated orally in 2018 that it was likely ~17%.
See parent group Arcadia.
See parent group Arcadia.
See parent group Arcadia.
N/A
Missguided
6.3
of fibre use, including blend and sole constituent.
Missguided communicated that it has incorporated the requirements of the Changing Markets Roadmap into its (non-public) environment standard...
Missguided communicated that it has incorporated the requirements of the Changing Markets Roadmap into its (non-public) environment standards and communicated these to its supply base. The environment standards say suppliers should work in a closed loop system that ensures emission control and chemical recovery rates in line with EU BAT standards. However, this is not a public commitment and does not meet the requirements of the Roadmap. Missguided does not have any mention of a viscose policy on its website.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
N/A
Nordstrom
No clear viscose-specific policy. Nordstrom recognises the issues on viscose pulp sourcing on its website and the need to develop more susta...
No clear viscose-specific policy. Nordstrom recognises the issues on viscose pulp sourcing on its website and the need to develop more sustainable fabrics, but does not specficially mention issues around viscose fibre production. Nordstrom uses SAC's Higg Index to measure the impact of some of its operations and supply chain and appears to use these for its "Sustainable Style" collection.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
18
Old Navy
(only parent group Gap Inc. engaged)
See also Gap Inc.
No viscose-specific policy on Old Navy's website. See also parent group Gap Inc.
Didn't respond (But see parent group Gap Inc.)
No suppliers of any kind published on Old Navy website. Gap Inc publishes a factory list but this does not include viscose suppliers.
54
Primark
Primark's website says viscose was <5% of materials in 2018
No clear viscose-specific policy. Primark communicated it aims to introduce more sustainably manufactured viscose, but did not give any targ...
No clear viscose-specific policy. Primark communicated it aims to introduce more sustainably manufactured viscose, but did not give any target. It says it intends to address issues associated with chemical use and discharge during the production of viscose through the implementation of ZDHC and other industry tools and standards. Primark's public environmental policy has a commitment to buying materials and products from sustainable and traceable sources in its supply chain, but does not specify if this extends to viscose manufacturing.
Provides a list of tier 1 factories on its website, but this does not cover raw material producers.
35
Puma
~1
of textile products, all blended fabrics.
No viscose-specific policy. PUMA has a public environmental policy which it said is binding for all suppliers including viscose suppliers, b...
No viscose-specific policy. PUMA has a public environmental policy which it said is binding for all suppliers including viscose suppliers, but this does not specifically mention viscose or MMCF.
Puma communicated that for the "few and limited cases" where it uses viscose, it uses suppliers such as Lenzing or the Aditya Birla Group. T...
Puma communicated that for the "few and limited cases" where it uses viscose, it uses suppliers such as Lenzing or the Aditya Birla Group. These supply the viscose material to core (product) suppliers Ningbo Shenzhou Knitting, DBL and Viyellatex. it said.
Puma discloses the names and locations of its core suppliers. This does not include viscose fibre manufacturers.
58
PVH Corp.
~1.6
of PVH's global material footprint. It communicated that it will disclose this publicly in the coming months.
No clear viscose fibre sourcing policy. PVH committed in its "Forward Fashion" corporate responsibility strategy to sustainably source 100% ...
No clear viscose fibre sourcing policy. PVH committed in its "Forward Fashion" corporate responsibility strategy to sustainably source 100% of viscose by 2025 but it is not clear if this commitment covers viscose manufacturing.
Discloses tier 1 suppliers on website but this does not include viscose fibre suppliers.
41
(Van Heusen, Calvin Klein and Tommy Hilfiger all had 41)
Ralph Lauren Corporation
Ralph Lauren website says ~1%
Ralph Lauren has a viscose sourcing policy available on its website, but this covers pulp sourcing and does not directly address impacts fro...
Ralph Lauren has a viscose sourcing policy available on its website, but this covers pulp sourcing and does not directly address impacts from fibre production. It also outlines a "sustainable fibre road map" under development, but it is not clear if this will include viscose fibre manufacturing.
No suppliers of any kind published on website.
21
Sainsbury's Tu clothing
17.1
of total textile intake (2018).
No viscose-specific policy, no mention of viscose on its website. Sainsbury’s communicated it is currently developing a viscose policy which...
No viscose-specific policy, no mention of viscose on its website. Sainsbury’s communicated it is currently developing a viscose policy which will be in line with the Changing Markets Roadmap. This will be shared with its supply base by the end of the 2019 financial year (April 2020), it said, although it did not give a timeline for publication. Sainsbury's said it is working with WRAP/SCAP to monitor the environmental impacts of viscose and will use the Higg Material Sustainability Index tool to review the environmental impact of viscose.
Communicated that a "portion" is sourced from either the Lenzing or Aditya Birla Group.
Tier 1 suppliers disclosed for clothing and footwear. Sainsbury's communicated that info on tier 2 and tier 3 viscose suppliers is available...
Tier 1 suppliers disclosed for clothing and footwear. Sainsbury's communicated that info on tier 2 and tier 3 viscose suppliers is available internally.
28
Target
Target has a commitment onits viscose supply chain but this does not address impacts from fibre production. Member of SAC and asks business ...
Target has a commitment onits viscose supply chain but this does not address impacts from fibre production. Member of SAC and asks business partners and their factories producing Target-brand products to use the Higg Index.
Discloses all tier 1 and some tier 2 factories for own brand produce on website, but this does not include viscose fibre manufacturers.
36
Timberland
(parent group VF Corporation replied on behalf of its brands)
<0.5
of total raw material sourcing is viscose over all VF Corporation brands
See parent group VF Corporation.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on Timberland website. See also parent group VF Corporation.
57
Tommy Hilfiger
(only parent group PVH Corp. engaged)
See also parent group PVH Corporation
Didn't engage, see also parent group PVH Corporation.
Didn't engage, see also parent group PVH Corporation.
41
Topshop / Topman
(parent group Arcadia replied on behalf of its brands)
Arcadia communicated on behalf of its brands. It communicated orally in 2018 that it was likely ~17%.
See parent group Arcadia.
See parent group Arcadia.
See parent group Arcadia.
28
(Topshop)
Under Armour
Under Armour's 2017 sustainability report says it has converted from viscose to modal where possible. Suppliers are asked to use sustainably...
Under Armour's 2017 sustainability report says it has converted from viscose to modal where possible. Suppliers are asked to use sustainably sourced fibre for any viscose still used, it said.
Lists tier 1 suppliers accounting for ~90% of business, but this does not include viscose fibre producers.
28
Uniqlo
Uniqlo's parent group Fast Retailing has a public sourcing policy for wood-based products but this does not address impacts from fibre produ...
Uniqlo's parent group Fast Retailing has a public sourcing policy for wood-based products but this does not address impacts from fibre production. It communicated that it will have 100% traceability on all its viscose suppliers by 2020 and recognises the need to address viscose production challenges. It will align with the new ZDHC MMFC and ask its supplies to comply with them one they are finalised, it said. It will explore more environmentally friendly alternatives to cellulose fabrics in 2020 and may set targets for these.
Uniqlo provides a list of core partner factories on its website, but this does not cover viscose fibre suppliers.
38
Vero Moda
Parent group Bestseller has a sourcing policy for wood-based products but this does not address impacts from fibre production. Bestseller co...
Parent group Bestseller has a sourcing policy for wood-based products but this does not address impacts from fibre production. Bestseller communicated it is currently working on a MMFC roadmap aligned with its published sustainability strategy which addresses "many" elements of the Changing Markets Roadmap. (Note that all elements of the Changing Market Roadmap should be incorporated for a fully responsible viscose fibre policy). Bestseller's 2018 sustainability report says it sources Tencel lyocell, but did not disclose how much; Vero Moda has "Aware" products that use Tencel.
Some tier 1 suppliers listed on website and updated every six months, but this does not include viscose fibre suppliers.
28
VF Corporation
<0.5
of total raw material sourcing is viscose over all VF Corporation brands
VF Corporation replied on behalf of its brands which include JanSport and Timberland. It communicated that it has a forest policy which cove...
VF Corporation replied on behalf of its brands which include JanSport and Timberland. It communicated that it has a forest policy which covers MMCF but this does not address viscose fibre production. It added that over the past two years it has increased traceability, identified suppliers further up the supply chain and ensures all tiers meet its Responsible Sourcing guidelines, although it is not clear if this currently includes viscose fibre suppliers.
VF Corporation lists VF-owned and tier 1 factories on its website but this does not include viscose fibre suppliers.
N/A
Zalando
Zalando's 2018 annual report says viscose is 12% by volume.
Zalando has a sourcing policy for wood-based products including viscose but this does not address impacts from fibre production. It said it ...
Zalando has a sourcing policy for wood-based products including viscose but this does not address impacts from fibre production. It said it is working towards its viscose production being fully traceable and with limited environmental impact. Its (internal) prohibited activities policy has requirements to address the wood-sourcing and fibre-production of viscose fibre, it said. (It indicated these requirements are based on the Changing Markets Roadmap.) Its 2018 annual report says it is exploring more sustainable alternatives like EcoVero modal and lyocell. Tencel and Lenzing viscose are among the "more environmentally-friendly materials" used in its womenswear brand mint&berry.
No suppliers of any kind published on website. Annual report says China is largest sourcing country for viscose.
28
Aeropostale
No viscose-specific policy.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
4
Amazon clothing
No viscose-specific policy. Member of SAC and "encourages" private brand suppliers to evaluate their practices using the Higg Index.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
14
Ann Taylor
No viscose-specific policy.
Publishes tier 1 suppliers on website, but this does not include viscose fibre suppliers.
N/A
Anthropologie
No viscose-specific policy.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on Anthropologie or Urbn websites.
5
Armani
No viscose-specific policy. Armani's website says it audits suppliers but does not say how far down the supply chain this goes. It also has ...
No viscose-specific policy. Armani's website says it audits suppliers but does not say how far down the supply chain this goes. It also has a commitment to zero discharge, but this does not mention viscose.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
7
Boohoo
No viscose-specific policy.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
11
Carter's
No viscose-specific policy.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
N/A
COACH
No viscose-specific policy. Says on website it has removed suppliers from its supply chain after audits due to lack of transparency (non vis...
No viscose-specific policy. Says on website it has removed suppliers from its supply chain after audits due to lack of transparency (non viscose-specific).
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website
22
Debenhams
No viscose-specific policy. Has timber sourcing policy and supply chain mapping programme to review environmental impact of manufacturing, b...
No viscose-specific policy. Has timber sourcing policy and supply chain mapping programme to review environmental impact of manufacturing, but neither mention viscose.
Publishes all tier 1 suppliers every six months but this does not include viscose fibre suppliers.
30
Dior
Parent group LVMH's 2018 environmental report mentions viscose as one of the materials it collects raw material data on.
No viscose-specific policy. Fashion Transparency this year noted that Dior is now publishing meaningful social and environmental information...
No viscose-specific policy. Fashion Transparency this year noted that Dior is now publishing meaningful social and environmental information for the first time. Parent group LVMH's "Life" initiative includes aims to improve environmental performance of all its products "covering the entire lifecycle" and to better monitor supply chain traceability and raw materials by 2020. It also says it will apply the "highest standards" across 100% of procurement chains by 2025. But this policy makes no specific mention of viscose.
Neither Dior nor LVMH list any suppliers on their website.
22
Dolce & Gabbana
No viscose-specific policy. Dolce & Gabbana has no public environmental polices bar a thinly worded mention in its Code of Ethics which ment...
No viscose-specific policy. Dolce & Gabbana has no public environmental polices bar a thinly worded mention in its Code of Ethics which mentions a sustainability policy it has adopted and distrubted to its suppliers.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
3
Fendi
Parent group LVMH's 2018 environmental report mentions viscose as one of the materials it collects raw material data on.
No viscose-specific policy. Parent group LVMH's "Life" initiative includes aims to improve environmental performance of all its products "co...
No viscose-specific policy. Parent group LVMH's "Life" initiative includes aims to improve environmental performance of all its products "covering the entire lifecycle" and to better monitor supply chain traceability and raw materials by 2020. It also says it will apply the "highest standards" across 100% of procurement chains by 2025. But this policy makes no specific mention of viscose.
Neither Fendi nor LVMH list any suppliers on their websites.
20
Forever 21
No viscose-specific policy and few environmental policies of any kind.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website
5
Gildan Activewear
No viscose-specific policy. Its social and sustainable compliance guidebook says it aims to collaborate with material suppliers to "eliminat...
No viscose-specific policy. Its social and sustainable compliance guidebook says it aims to collaborate with material suppliers to "eliminate all substances and waste products known or suspected of being harmful to human health or environmental systems" but makes no specific mention of MMCF. Performs supplier audits but not clear if this includes viscose suppliers.
Discloses tier 1 and 2 suppliers on its website, but this does not include viscose fibre manufacturing.
41
J. Crew
No viscose-specific policy. J. Crew does not mention MMCFs on its responsible sourcing page.
J. Crew's website lists several MMCFs under its "reimagined fabrics", specifically Lenzing Ecovero and Tencell lyocell, modal and X Refibra....
J. Crew's website lists several MMCFs under its "reimagined fabrics", specifically Lenzing Ecovero and Tencell lyocell, modal and X Refibra. However it does not disclose factories nor state whether it also uses other sources of MMCF.
12
Marc Jacobs
Parent group LVMH's 2018 environmental report mentions viscose as one of the materials it collects raw material data on.
No viscose-specific policy. Parent group LVMH's "Life" initiative includes aims to improve environmental performance of all its products "co...
No viscose-specific policy. Parent group LVMH's "Life" initiative includes aims to improve environmental performance of all its products "covering the entire lifecycle" and to better monitor supply chain traceability and raw materials by 2020. It also says it will apply the "highest standards" across 100% of procurement chains by 2025. But this policy makes no specific mention of viscose.
Neither Marc Jacobs nor LVMH list any suppliers on their websites.
20
Matalan
No viscose-specific policy.
Matalan discloses a factory list but this does not include suppliers of raw materials such as viscose fibre.
10
Michael Kors
No viscose-specific policy. No mention of viscose supply on its website and no sustainability strategy laid out.
Neither Michael Kors or parent group Capri Holdings disclose identity of any suppliers on their websites.
7
Miu Miu
No viscose-specific policy on website.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
20
Monoprix
No viscose-specific policy on website. Groupe Casino's supplier charter of ethics does not mention viscose.
Neither Monoprix or Groups Casino disclose the identity of any suppliers on their websites.
19
Nike
No viscose-specific policy. Nike's "Chemistry Playbook" pledges to phase out or reduce controversial chemistries in existing materials and i...
No viscose-specific policy. Nike's "Chemistry Playbook" pledges to phase out or reduce controversial chemistries in existing materials and increase the use of better chemicals but does not specifically mention viscose and its past two sustainability reports do not mention viscose. Nike's materials sustainability index is not publicly available.
Discloses some tier 1 and 2 suppliers online but does not disclose raw material suppliers.
57
Prada
No viscose-specific policy.
Does not disclose identity of any suppliers on its website
20
The Children's Place
No viscose-specific policy. Has a vendor environmental policy but this does not specifically touch on viscose sourcing.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on The Children's Place website.
N/A
TJK (TJ Maxx / TK Maxx)
No viscose-specific policy. TJX audits its suppliers’ factories, but this does not appear to go beyond regulatory compliance. No mention of ...
No viscose-specific policy. TJX audits its suppliers’ factories, but this does not appear to go beyond regulatory compliance. No mention of viscose in vendor code of conduct.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on website.
15
(TJ Maxx)
Urban Outfitters
No viscose-specific policy.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on Urban Outfitters or Urbn website
5
Versace
No viscose-specific policy.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on Capri Holdings or Versace websites.
9
Walmart
No viscose-specific policy. Has a forest policy but it is not clear whether this includes viscose, and certainly does not appear to address ...
No viscose-specific policy. Has a forest policy but it is not clear whether this includes viscose, and certainly does not appear to address viscose fibre production. See also Asda.
No suppliers of any kind disclosed on Walmart website.
27

Published 20 November, 2019

Methodology

In 2019 the Changing Markets Foundation, along with Fashion Revolution, Ethical Consumer, the Clean Clothes Campaign and WeMove.eu reached out to 91 global clothing brands and retailers to find out more about how they source viscose. A letter was sent to each clothing company by both email and post asking them for information on their viscose supply chain and their sourcing policies regarding responsible viscose manufacturing. Of the 91 brands contacted, almost two-thirds (54 brands) provided responses.

These responses were then reviewed, along with research into the viscose policies and supply chain disclosures available on each company's website. Companies were then assessed using the following main criteria: transparency, policy/commitments and meaningful engagement.

A company was rated lower on transparency if no information about where its viscose comes from was communicated to Changing Markets or is disclosed publicly. It was rated higher if it provided a full supplier list, including names of viscose suppliers and locations of factories on its website.

A company was rated lower on policy/commitments if no information about its viscose sourcing practices was communicated to Changing Markets or is accessible on its website. It was assessed based on the level of engagement, meaning it was rated higher if it engaged meaningfully with our questions on its viscose supply chain and set out a viable strategy towards responsible viscose sourcing.

To rate highly overall, companies needed to real and measurable signs of progress in line with the Changing Markets Roadmap towards responsible viscose & modal fibre manufacturing.

It is important to note that this table is not a ranking, but rather a categorisation of brands based on their responses to our letters and their publicly available viscose policies and disclosures. The ‘Frontrunners’ category consists solely of brands that signed up to the Changing Markets’ Roadmap. They are listed according to the level of transparency they provide on their viscose supply chain. The companies in other categories are listed alphabetically.

Footnotes

* Changing Markets does not consider an email response without answers as engagement.

**On % of viscose, brands have reported on their proportion of viscose very differently, with some including both pure viscose and viscose blends and others appearing to report only pure viscose.

***MRSL (Manufacturing Restricted Substance List) provides brands, retailers, suppliers and manufacturers with acceptable limits of restricted substances in chemical formulations which are used in the raw material and product manufacturing processes

****ZDHC (Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals) initiative includes colaition of brands supporting safer chemical management practices across the value chain

***** ZDHC MMCF: ZDHC is coming up with Guidelines for responsible production of man-made cellulosic fibres, which will be finalised in 2020

****** Greenpeace Detox Campaign/Detox Catwalk was launched in 2011 to expose the direct links between global clothing brands, their suppliers and toxic water pollution around the world. Many brands signed up to a ‘Detox Pledge’ to eliminate the emission of hazardous chemicals in their supply chain by 2020.

Brands and producers:

Roadmap

Take a look at our roadmap towards responsible viscose for information on how you can move towards a closed loop system, too.

Find out more

Consumers:

Take Action

Sign our petition or tweet your favourite retailer today to help us spread the word about viscose.

Brand categorisation

See which brands are leading the transition to responsible viscose and which are lagging behind.

Find out more
Resources

We’ve made it easy for you to brush up on the need for responsible viscose by compiling our latest reports on the issue, here.

Find out more